Select Parameters

Confidence Rating:
Date Range:

Country Graph

Select a Country

By Region

Select Indicators

V-Dem Indices
  • Country Graph

    This tool compares multiple variables/indices for one country/region. Select one country/region and multiple indicators/indices. The data are aggregated by year.

  • Generating a Graph

    Step 1: Select a country or a region.
    Step 2: Select multiple variables.
    Step 3: Adjust the year range.
  • Drilling-Down Function

    An index is constructed by indicators and components, the former is the lowest level of aggregation while components are sub-indices. The drilling-down function makes it possible to explore the indicators/components included in an index while keeping the index in view. Double-click on an index's line to drill-down. You can select and unselect which of the indicators/components you want to view by clicking on the text labels to the right.

  • Confidence Intervals

    V-Dem data are based on the scores of multiple coders, who sometimes diverge in their ratings. In order to deal with such divergences, we provide confidence intervals about the estimated values of each index. The confidence is illustrated by colored shadows around the lines. Larger intervals indicate greater uncertainty about the estimate.

  • Interpreting Graphs

    Details about selected indicators and indices are available in the "Selected Indicators" box at the bottom of the page.

    Tip! The V-Dem Codebook includes the appendix ‘Structure of Aggregations – All Indices and Indicators’, which illustrates how indicators, components and indices are constructed and related.

  • Model Estimates and Original Scales

    You can view the V-Dem data on either the ‘model estimates’ or ‘original scale’ options. When using the default setting of ‘model estimates’ option, all indicators are rescaled allowing for comparisons, even if their initial scale is different. Indicators on their original scales can be viewed using the ‘original scale’ option.

    Tip! When viewing many indicators in the ‘model estimates’, you can view the original scale for one indicator at a time simply by ticking the box next to the indicator.

  • Saving a Graph

    Save a graph by clicking on the download sign (three-line sign) at the upper right-hand side of the grah, then select your preferred format (png, jpeg, pdf, svg). You can also export the data to a csv file. The csv file includes the original scaled numbers regardless of whether original or model estimates is selected.