Varieties of Democracy

Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem) is an unique approach to conceptualizing and measuring democracy. We provide a multidimensional and disaggregated dataset that reflects the complexity of the concept of democracy as a system of rule that goes beyond the simple presence of elections. The V-Dem project distinguishes between five high-level principles of democracy: electoral, liberal, participatory, deliberative, and egalitarian, and collects data to measure these principles.

Download the Dataset Download the Democracy Report

Democracy Reports

Read our annual report on the global state of democracy

Policy Briefs

Explore summarised findings from policy-related research

Working Papers

Discover our latest findings before they are published

About V-Dem

Learn more about V-Dem, our methodology, and team

Datasets

Download the V-Dem datasets and reference materials

Graphing Tools

Use our graphing tools specially designed to visualize V-Dem data