Varieties of Democracy

Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem) is an unique approach to conceptualizing and measuring democracy. We provide a multidimensional and disaggregated dataset that reflects the complexity of the concept of democracy as a system of rule that goes beyond the simple presence of elections. The V-Dem project distinguishes between five high-level principles of democracy: electoral, liberal, participatory, deliberative, and egalitarian, and collects data to measure these principles.

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Democracy Reports

Read our annual report on the global state of democracy

Policy Briefs

Explore summarised findings from policy-related research

Working Papers

Discover our latest findings before they are published

About V-Dem

Learn more about V-Dem, our methodology, and team


Download the V-Dem datasets and reference materials

Graphing Tools

Use our graphing tools specially designed to visualize V-Dem data